Tomatoes and their various products contain antioxidants such as lycopene, ascorbic acid. Tomatoes reduce the risk of cancer, especially prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease. The bark and seeds of this plant are also rich in lycopene and beta-carotene. Lycopene lowers blood cholesterol by inactivating cholesterol-producing enzymes. Although tomatoes are considered a fruit in botany, they are considered a vegetable in most countries. Today, this fruit is consumed in various ways, raw or as a necessary ingredient for food, sauces and beverages, and is an important part of the diet of people in many countries around the world.
Export tomato cultivation in the world as a whole covers an area of about three million hectares, which is about one third of the total area dedicated to the cultivation of leeks in the world. There are currently more than 7,500 varieties or varieties of tomatoes around the world. The world is cultivated. These figures differ in size, shape, color, taste and internal texture. Their diameter may be from 1 or 2 cm to more than 10 cm. However, most types of tomatoes, especially export tomatoes, have a diameter of 5 to 6 cm. Most varieties of tomatoes are red, but there are also varieties with yellow, orange, pink, purple, green, black and white. The production of export tomatoes in Iran with a cultivation area of 150,000 hectares is more than 4.5 million tons per year, which is the seventh largest production of this product in the world in our country.
A good export tomato is heavier than its size, you can also smell it to choose a good tomato; If you can smell it around the stems and leaves, you have chosen the best one. Technically, the best tomato is a field type and related to the summer season, so the tomato harvested between July and September will be the best tomato of its kind. The human nutritional need to consume tomatoes all year round has led to the development of tomato cultivation in the greenhouse, which has led to a decline in the quality of greenhouse tomatoes compared to the field crop.
Tomato, in addition to having a very beautiful color and shape, is one of the vegetables that is very tasty and rich in properties. Tomatoes are rich in vitamins C and A, folic acid, beta-carotene and have a small amount of B vitamins, including B1, B2, B3, B5. Tomatoes also contain a variety of minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, sulfur, iron, copper, zinc, and fiber. Of course, some people are allergic to tomatoes, which they should naturally avoid. If you are one of those people who easily put tomatoes in your diet, pay attention to the main properties of tomatoes that are listed below: