The bell pepper (also known as sweet pepper, pepper or capsicum) is the fruit of plants in the Grossum cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum. Bell pepper is 94% water, 5% carbohydrates, and negligible fat and protein. Due to these valuable properties, bell pepper export has always been of interest to exporters in Iran and the world
Planting bell peppers is done in two forms of shrubs or greenhouses in different cities of Iran.
This unique feature is due to the circulating climate in Iran that when one region leaves the suitable cultivation conditions, another region of the country enters the suitable conditions for the cultivation of bell peppers. Principal supervision of the farmer on the growth stages of bell peppers causes the harvest to be done at the right time. Timely harvesting of bell peppers from the plants determines the correct coloring and shelf life of the peppers. Plant bell peppers in Iran have good production conditions and are harvested in most months of the year.
Greenhouse bell peppers are often of better quality for export due to their cultivation under controlled conditions. The production of greenhouse bell peppers has relieved the minds of foreign customers from buying bell peppers for export from Iran. For this reason, although cities such as Rudan have mass production to buy bell peppers, most foreign customers, including Russia and the UAE, find bell peppers grown in greenhouses in Isfahan and Yazd suitable for export.